Sometimes, it becomes difficult to perform daily tasks effectively. It may be because of an injury or illness. If a person cannot do his daily work, in such cases, the doctor suggests physical therapy. Here, we will try to explain what the actual meaning of Physical Therapy is, the types, how to become a physical therapist, and their job responsibilities.
What Is Physical Therapy?
People who have trouble performing their routines because of pain and stiffness need physical therapy. Physical therapy is a combination of activities and exercise that helps to get relief from pain and also helps in performing daily work with no problems. People of all age groups can take physical therapy, but it can vary according to the problem and conditions.
How can physical therapy help?
If the Person is in massive pain, physical therapy can help them in several ways:
- The Person can get relief from pain
- In the case of pain and stiffness, it improves body movement abilities.
- Physical therapy can help in recovering from a sports injury
- It can prevent long-term disability and surgery
- It also helps in chronic diseases like Diabetes, Heart Disease, and Arthritis.
Who can take Physical Therapy?
Normally, anyone can go for physical therapy if they have some minor pain and difficulty in daily functioning. In such cases, there is no need for a doctor referral. Based on experience and expertise, the PTs can diagnose the condition and start his treatment.
In severe injury and illness, a physical therapist will not suggest any treatment without doctor supervision. In critical cases, PTs require doctor suggestions, and they can only implement treatment and exercise suggested by the doctors.
What Is a Physical Therapist?
A physical therapist is a professional specialist who helps people with injuries, disabilities, or other health conditions. They diagnose and treat people with multiple health disabilities. After proper examinations, the physical therapist understands the condition of injuries and disability. According to the patients’ health status, they suggest certain physical activities and provide exercise to the patients. These activities help the patient get out of pain and injuries.
In simple words, physical therapists help their patients to live a life without any pain and stiffness. They treat the problems related to the musculoskeletal, neurological, cardiopulmonary, and integumentary (skin) systems. PTs evaluate those disturbed functions and apply suitable treatment to alleviate pain. PTs improve the quality of life with the help of proper diagnosis and exercise.
What Exactly Does a Physical Therapist Do?
Physical therapists examine the condition of every patient. He may ask questions about health problems, pain, symptoms, and medical history. They can ask about any difficulty in carrying out daily activities.
A Professional physical therapist can give several tasks to measure.
- What is the current condition of pain?
- Is there any restriction on moving body parts?
- Is the patient able to move around, reach, bend, and grasp?
- Is there any difficulty in walking?
- heartbeat while doing any activity
- posture and balance.
After getting all the required answers, PTs creates a treatment plan for the patient. This plan may include improvement goals and exercises that need to be done. According to the health condition, PTs can suggest the required sessions. The therapist monitors the progress and may implement changes in case of need.
What treatment can a Physical Therapist Recommend?
Every patient’s medical condition may be different. Based on injuries and health status, PTS makes treatment plans. Treatment plans may vary with different patients and their conditions.
- He/She can suggest a physical exercise for the affected part.
- Stretches can also be the option
- He/she can ask to take massage and heat therapy
- Sometimes, cold therapy and warm water therapy can be given by a doctor.
- Special gadgets (Walker) may be part of treatment.
What are the Types of Physical Therapist?
Since there are multiple health problems outside, and each patient is different from their disability and injuries. It will be difficult for PT to examine all types of situations. A variety of therapies can be applied to treat various patients and their conditions.
- Orthopedic Physical Therapy: They are experts in musculoskeletal injuries, involving the muscles, bones, ligaments, fascia, and tendons.
- Geriatric physical therapy: They deal with mobility and physical function like Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s.
- Neurological physical therapy: They are for neurological disorders and conditions like brain injury, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, and stroke.
- Cardiovascular and pulmonary rehabilitation: For cardiopulmonary conditions and surgical procedures.
Above all, there are other Physical Therapists.
- Pediatric physical therapy
- Wound care therapy
- Vestibular therapy
- Decongestive therapy
- Pelvic floor rehabilitation
Where Does a Physical Therapist Work?
There are multiple ways to get a physical therapist. In most cases, we find them in hospitals, but now the patient can call them at their home. If someone cannot visit the hospital or clinic regularly, he/she can Hire a Physical Therapist at home. Highly trained PTs will be available at the door. In case anyone wants to visit other places to find a professional physical therapist:
- Outpatient clinics
- Sports medicine centers
- Private medical offices
- Nursing homes
- Rehab centers
- Schools or colleges
How to become a Physical Therapist?
If anyone wants to make his/her career as a physical therapist, the person must know the criteria and requirements. We have briefly mentioned all the details.
Qualification: To practice as a physical therapist in the USA, the person must have a degree of Physical Therapy.
Degree: The person’s degree should be from the Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education-accredited physical therapist education program. After completing the exam course, the student must clear the state licensure exam to get the license.
Duration: A lot of states need a doctorate as a minimum of 4 years for qualification in physical therapy. That’s 4 years degree 2 years master and 2 years doctorate
Curriculum: Approx. 80% DPT in the classroom(didactic) and Lab study, 20% Clinical Education.